Inkscapeで切手風アイコンの描き方

それではInkscapeで切手風アイコンの描き方について説明していきます。

In this easy tutorial we will learn to create postage stamps using Inkscape, the results will look like this:
stamps

Perforated paper

Stamps look like tiny pictures on paper with a white perforated paper. This is the most important thing for a stamp and the core of this tutorial:
paper paper

I will present three ways to create the perforations, use what you like best.

Pattern along Path

  • Using the Rectangle Tool draw a rectangle:
    stamp

  • And with the Ellipse Tool a circle (keep the Ctrl key pressed to get a circle):
    stamp

  • Select the circle and then the rectangle:
    stamp

  • And put the circle on the path defined by the rectangle (Effects > Generate from Path > Pattern along Path). Ensure copies are Repeated, the deformation type is Snake and adjust the space to fit the size of your circle:
    stamp

  • You will get a contour made from circles for your rectangle:
    stamp

  • Select the contour and substract it (Path > Difference) from the rectangle:
    stamp

  • This is the perforated paper:
    stamp

  • Change its color in something paper-like, white or something near white (a very light yellow for old paper):
    stamp

  • For a shadow which will make the paper more visible duplicate the shape and make the copy black:
    stamp

  • Put it at the bottom of the stack and move a little to the right and down:
    stamp

  • Slightly blur the shadow and if you want adjust its transparency:
    stamp

  • Optionally, for increased realism rotate it a little:
    stamp

Tiled Clones

  • With the Ellipse Tool create a circle:
    stamp

  • Create tiled clones (Edit > Clone > Create Tiled Clones). Leave the symmetry as simple translation and change the Shift X Per column and Shift Y Per row to something to fit the size of your circle (here I used 20%). Set the number of rows and columns (here 6x8) to get the desired size of the stamp:
    stamp

  • The result is a grid like this:
    stamp

  • Select and delete the inner circles and leave only a border like this. Select all and unlink the clones (Edit > Clone > Unlink Clone). Select all and make an union (Path > Union).
    stamp

  • Draw a rectangle at the desired size and put it under the border made from circles:
    stamp

  • Substract (Path > Difference) the border from the rectangle:
    stamp

  • Change its color and add a shadow:
    stamp

Align and Distribute

  • Create a Rectangle:
    stamp

  • And a circle:
    stamp

  • Select the circle and create a lot of duplicates (Edit > Duplicate). The number depend on the circle size and rectangle width (here I made 18 circles):
    stamp

  • Select all the circles and the rectangle:
    stamp

  • And use the Align and Distribute dialog (Object > Align and Distribute):
    stamp

  • Align the circles (relative to biggest item, which is the rectangle) evenly by horizontal:
    stamp

  • Select the circles, perform an union (Path > Union) and move the result at the top edge of the rectangle:
    stamp

  • Duplicate and move the copy to the bottom edge:
    stamp

  • Make two more copies, rotate them by 90 degrees and move them to the left and right edges. Adjust their position as needed:
    stamp

  • Substract the lines of circles from the rectangle (Path > Difference) one by one:
    stamp

  • And get the perforated paper:
    stamp

  • Change the color and add a shadow:
    stamp

The postage stamp

Now for the easy part:
  • Import or make on the spot whatever image or drawing you want to put on the stamp:
    stamp

  • Make sure it is in a rectangle:
    stamp

  • Add the issuer name (here I used "Posta Romana" - "the Romanian Post") and the denomination (I used "2 bani", the moral equivalent in the Romanian language to the English "two cents"):
    stamp

  • My stamp image was too simple so I added more texture to the background:
    stamp

  • Draw the paper, a rectangle, and put it under the image:
    stamp

  • Using one of the ways described above transform the rectangle in perforated paper and you are done:
    stamp

Done

Use any kind of perforations, larger, smaller, round or elliptic, any kind of image, even photos, put the stamp on vertical or horizontal, the possibilities are endless:
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